Resource Mobilization in Humanitarian Action

CCC Commitments and Benchmarks

Commitment 1

Quality, flexible resources are mobilized in a timely manner to meet the rights and needs of children and women in humanitarian crises.

Policy  |  Tools

Programme Action

  • Preparedness
  • Response
  • Early Recovery


  • Develop an emergency resource mobilization strategy in conjunction with the strategy for funding the regular country programme.
  • The CO and RO should consult the Public Sector Alliances and Resource Mobilization Office (PARMO) website to review available donor profiles, standard agreements, and the processes for accessing and managing emergency funds. The COs and ROs should contact PARMO (Brussels, New York, Tokyo) and private fundraising and partnerships donor focal points to map donor interests and seek other guidance, as necessary..
  • Liaise with local donors to establish good working relationships, demonstrate UNICEF's preparedness to initiate action and emphasize the importance of thematic funding as a flexible and efficient mechanism with fewer transaction costs.
  • Familiarize CO management with the procedures, processes and format for accessing the emergency programme fund and CERF to jump start emergency programme response.
  • Ensure that staff participate in internal and external training (e.g., public-private partnership and CERF) to better understand work planning processes and procedures, including resource mobilization in emergencies.


  • Reprogram Regular Resources within the country programme budget, or reprogram Other Resources; when needed, prepare an emergency programme fund loan request within 24-72 hours, in close coordination with the RO and Office of Emergency Programmes.
  • Prepare an Immediate Needs Document within the first 24-72 hours of a sudden-onset emergency, to be shared with the government, donors and national committees, to seek Other Resources emergency resources. Through an inter-agency process, led by the humanitarian coordinator or resident coordinator, submit a proposal for CERF funding alongside the flash appeal process, as appropriate.
  • Within 5-7 days, prepare an emergency appeal in coordination with other UN agencies (flash appeal, as per guidelines) or, in the absence of the inter-agency appeal process, a stand-alone UNICEF appeal (crisis appeal).
  • Ensure that the continuing needs of women and children are adequately reflected in the inter-agency Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) and UNICEF's Humanitarian Action Report (HAR).
  • Issue regular humanitarian action updates that provide the CO and RO with the opportunity to report on results and highlight funding gaps and requirements.
  • Engage with donors, both locally and at the headquarters level, by providing regular updates on the evolving situation; manage funds and prepare quality reports on contributions according to specified donor conditions and time frames.

Early Recovery

  • Ensure that early recovery approaches are mainstreamed into the planning processes and are adequately reflected in response appeals (CAPs, HARs, flash appeals, early recovery appeals).
  • Participate in early recovery needs assessments, including postconflict and post-disaster needs assessments, to ensure that the rights of children and women are prioritized and that the assessment, national prioritization and costing of needs of children and women are included in advocacy for adequate funding through donor mobilization processes.
  • Where appropriate, fully participate from the earliest stages in the design of pooled funding mechanisms, including common humanitarian funds, emergency relief funds and multi-donor trust funds, to ensure their effective operation and advocate for the inclusion of programmes targeted to children and women.

Guidelines & Tools

  • Internal Funding
  • External Funding
  • Appeals
  • In-kind Assistance
  • Reporting
  • Fundraising w/ NatComs

Internal Funding

Emergency Programme Fund

External Funding

Country-Based Pooled Funds
  • CPBFs
  • Appeals

    1. 2014 HAC Mid-Year Review (July 2014)

    2. Immediate, Sudden-Onset

    In-kind Assistance


    Fundraising with NC, pending

    Additional Resources