Human Rights Based Approach to Programming
- Addressing inequalities and disparities in analysis, programme design, implementation and monitoring, recognizing that inequalities may cause or exacerbate vulnerabilities in humanitarian crises.
- Promoting the participation of children, adolescents, women and affected populations, including in the analysis, design and monitoring of humanitarian programmes.
- Strengthening the capacities of state authorities and non-governmental and community organizations as an essential strategy for joint and effective humanitarian action.
- Advocating for the rights and voices of children and women as an integral component of humanitarian action." (CCC, 2010)
During humanitarian crises children's exposure to rights violations can increase dramatically as a result of the increased instability and insecurity that ensues. This can include direct consequences of crises, such as unlawful recruitment, sexual violence, killing and maiming, as well as indirect consequences, such as the loss of basic services and the rise of poverty, malnutrition and disease. One of the most urgent tasks during crises -when often government, community and family protection mechanisms break down- is to protect children's rights. Providing humanitarian life-saving assistance in the face of human rights deprivations, without also providing protection from attack, persecution and/or other human rights violations or deprivations is not enough.
Policy and Standards
Guidelines and Tools
- UNICEF, 2009. Toolkit: A Human Rights Based Approach: A User-friendly guide from UN Staff in Viet Nam for UN staff in Viet Nam, UNCT Vietnam.
- IASC, 2006. Human Rights Guidance Note for Humanitarian Coordinators. Inter-Agency Standing Committee, July 2006.
- IASC, 2006. Protecting Persons Affected By Natural Disasters. IASC Operational Guidelines on Human Rights and Natural Disasters. Inter-Agency Standing Committee, June 2006.
- Darcy, J. 2004. Human Rights and Humanitarian Action: A review of the issues, Geneva, April 2004. Humanitarian Policy Group, Overseas Development Institute, London
- UNICEF, 2003. A Human Rights-based Approach to Programming in Humanitarian Crises: Is UNICEF up for the Challenge? Draft. September 2003. EMOPS, UNICEF NY
- IASC, 2002. Growing the Sheltering Tree - Protecting Rights Through Humanitarian Action. Programmes and Practices Gathered from the Field. Geneva
- Save the Children A child rights approach to emergencies.
Key Risk Reduction & Recovery Resources
- Technical Note on Conflict Sensitivity and Peacebuilding, UNICEF, 2012
- Conflict-Sensitive Education Reference Tool, INEE, 2012
- Peacebuilding Brief, UNICEF, 2010
- Sphere Standards, "Do No Harm", p33
- Conflict-Sensitive Education Pack, INEE
- FAQ UN Integration, UNICEF, 2015
- Technical Guidance Note on Working with UN Integrated Presences, UNICEF, 2014
- Emergency Risk Informed Programming Section of Sit-An Guidance, UNICEF, 2012
- Programme Guidance on DRR, UNICEF, 2011
- Emergency Risk Informed Programming Process, UNICEF, 2010
- Guidance on Integrating DRR in CCA/UNDAF, UNDG, 2009