Emergencies

Conflict Sensitivity and Peacebuilding

Over 1 billion children under the age of 18 live in areas affected by conflict and high levels of violence. The risk of conflict relapse remains high. Smaller-scale, low-intensity intra-state conflicts and multiple forms of violence pose a new category of threats for children. In countries affected by violence and conflict, UNICEF programmes can either passively reinforce or actively address violence and conflict factors. UNICEF therefore must ensure all programmes avoid exacerbating conflict and violence factors (conflict sensitivity) and, where appropriate, better address the causes of conflict and violence (peacebuilding).

Peacebuilding is not new to UNICEF, and UNICEF has an important role to play. Peacebuilding is multidimensional, and UNICEF contributes to all recognized peacebuilding areas. However, UNICEF's niche is in social services, which can offer tangible peace dividends outside of capitals and in war-affected communities and help rebuild the citizen-state compact. UNICEF's work in child protection and youth also presents opportunities for important contributions to peacebuilding.

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