Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation

CCC Commitments and Benchmarks

Commitments Benchmarks
Commitment 1

The situation of children and women is monitored and sufficiently analysed, and rapid assessments are carried out whenever necessary.

Policy  |  Tools
Benchmark 1

Rapid assessments are conducted in a timely manner for all humanitarian situations.

Commitment 2

Systems for performance benchmarking regularly monitor UNICEF's humanitarian action, enabling CCC implementation to be measured.

Policy  |  Tools
Benchmark 2

CCCs and related policies, guidelines and UNICEF quality and accountability standards are used in designing the implementing performance benchmarking.

Commitment 3

Humanitarian action is regularly assessed against CCCs, policies, guidelines, UNICEF quality and accountability standards, and stated objectives of humanitarian action through evaluative exercises, with partners whenever possible.

Policy  |  Tools
Benchmark 3

An evaluative exercise - evaluation or a lighter form of review, depending on resources and context - is undertaken within 3-4 months of a major sudden-onset emergency, or incorporated into regular strategic planning exercises in chronic emergencies.

Programme Action

  • Preparedness
  • Response
  • Early Recovery


  • Track and analyse all potential and existing humanitarian situations, including areas not covered by country programmes, with sufficient rigour to trigger rapid assessments when necessary.
  • Monitor office preparedness, including the completion of emergency preparedness and response planning and implementation of programme preparedness activities, using the early warning/early action system.
  • Identify existing hazard, vulnerability and capacity data to inform baselines, response and recovery.
  • Collaborate with other agencies to develop the methodology, tools and information-management systems needed, and identify the trained capacity required to conduct timely inter-agency rapid assessments.
  • Identify qualified staff to ensure that performance monitoring can be undertaken in each sector.
  • Ensure that benchmarks for performance monitoring are in place at the country level, including through clusters.


  • Ensure that a rapid assessment is made regarding affected populations, including children, adolescents and women, as a joint inter-agency mechanism or independently if necessary, in order to determine initial humanitarian response.
  • Ensure that a gender analysis is reflected in assessments.
  • Ensure that the flash appeal and response are based on standardized monitoring and assessment of relief transitions (SMART) objectives and available baseline information, and that they are designed to facilitate monitoring.
  • Identify the objectives and scope of the evaluation based on the scale and severity of the humanitarian crisis.
  • Systematically collect all documentation relevant to the response for monitoring and evaluation purposes.
  • Ensure that key performance information for all sectors is systematically collected, easily accessible and used in review processes to improve performance, and that it serves as a basis for future evaluative work.
  • Ensure that evaluations of humanitarian response produce organizational 'lessons learned'.

Early Recovery

  • Ensure that rapid assessments include assessment of early recovery needs and capacities. Whenever possible and appropriate, such assessments should involve national and/or local authorities as well as affected populations. Link rapid assessments with the early recovery cluster/network if this exists.
  • Support efforts to sustain monitoring mechanisms, including the promotion of their integration into national, local and community systems.
  • Ensure that early recovery programmes are designed with the involvement of affected populations and national and/or local authorities, as appropriate, according to results-based frameworks.
  • Ensure, wherever possible and appropriate, the involvement of national and/or local authorities in the evaluation of early recovery projects. Summaries of evaluations should be prepared, translated and made available to partners.

Policy and Standards

Guidelines and Tools

Performance Monitoring- Response Planning
Humanitarian Performance Monitoring Toolkit, UNICEF, 2011 2
Humanitarian Performance Monitoring - MoRES in Humanitarian Action: Checklist for the CCCs, UNICEF 2
What Reps Should Know: Managing for Results in Humanitarian Situations, UNICEF, 2017
Evaluation and Evaluative Activities
Introduction to Evaluating Humanitarian Action: e-learning course, ALNAP, UNICEF, 2014 3
Evaluation in Humanitarian Settings: e-learning course, UNICEF, 2014 3
What is Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation (IAHE)?, OCHA, 2014 3
IASC Guidelines on Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation [Annex A] [Annex B] [Annex C] IASC, 2014 3
Report to the Executive Board on Evaluation of Humanitarian Action in UNICEF, UNICEF, 2013 3
Recent Humanitarian Evaluations: Syria, Syrian Refugee Crisis in Turkey, Typhoon Haiyan (requires Intranet access) 3
Model TOR: Level 3 and major Level 2 Emergencies- Timeline Exercise, UNICEF, 2012 3
UNICEF Adapted UNEG Evaluation Reports Quality Checklist, UNICEF, 2010 3
UNICEF Adapted UNEG Quality Checklist for Evaluation TOR , UNICEF, 2010 3
Quick Guide to Designing an After Action Reviews, UNICEF, 2009 3
Real Time Evaluations of Humanitarian Action, ALNAP, 2009 3
Evaluating Humanitarian Action Using the OECD-DAC Criteria, ALNAP, 2006 3
Children Participating in Research and Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)- Ethics and Your Responsibilities as a Manager, UNICEF, 2002 1 | 2 | 3
Evaluation Toolkit, UNICEF (requires Intranet access) 3
Internal Guidance for Management Response to Evaluations, UNICEF (requires Intranet Access) 3
Deciding What Type of Evaluative Activity to Undertake in an Emergency, UNICEF 3
Evaluation of Humanitarian Action: An ALNAP Guide [Fr.] [Es.], ALNAP 3
Needs Assessment
Multi-Sector Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA): Guidance , IASC, 2015 1
Cluster Specific Assessment Tools
Rapid Joint Education Needs Assessments, IASC, 2010 1
Child Protection Rapid Assessment Toolkit [En.] [Fr.] , IASC, 2009 1